1. What is the major theoretical position of the theoretical article you chose? How does the theoretical lens help you to connect (or not) the project to the larger goals of this course? How does the theoretical lens help to organize your thinking about your topic?
I chose the article “the framing project: a bridging model for media research revisited”. According to this article framing means structures that draw boundaries, set up categories and define some ideas as out and others in. Framing is also explained as a theoretical idea whose major principle is bridging parts to one another. Another important way that framing provides is to put together strange bedfellows that differ in important philosophical assumptions. The author of the article especially highlights that frames are structures of meaning made up of a number of concepts and relations among those concepts. Moreover, he adds that these concepts must select certain aspects of reality and emphasize them. After that, he gives an example for framing cases with the terms of War on terror. By this, he states that it would be easy to jump up to other ideas and concepts to consider topic deeply. All that said, the topic can be discussed largely within the boundaries set by the frame. While reading this article, I understood how framing could provide different types of discussions in every article. I believe that framing will be very helpful for me to determine the most effective method for my project. The example that the author gives (war on terror) literally helped me to think Bullying at school with different aspects and frames.
2. What is the major argument in the empirical piece? In what ways does it point to how you might explore your topic?
The article that I chose to read is “Teachers in the Hood; Hollywood’s Middle-class Fantasy”. The major argument of this article is to search what messages these films give to the people. The author makes a survey about high school genres and separates them into 3 groups; urban, suburban and private school films. In these films, it is shown a classroom that is filled with socially troubled and low-achieving students who dramatically transformed by the singular efforts of a teacher or principal, an outsider who is new to the school and often new to teaching entirely. In these three kinds of genres he discusses the teachers’ role, students’ problems and their being transformed by singular efforts of a new teacher. According to the comparison that he made, there were dramatic differences among them in the ways in which the theme of individualism plays. For instance, in the urban high schol genre films the poor and mostly non white students must change their behavior and accept middle class values and cultural capital in order to achieve academic success. In the films based in suburban high schools academis success is not a central focus of the plot. There the hero is not a teacher or principal but a student who is able to overcome the conformity of teen society. However, in the private school films students must conform to the wishes of their parents and the school in order to protect their social status. The hero of these films is mostly an outsider who challenges the culture of privilege. The major argument starts at this point. After comparing films, he discusses the purposes of these films. They are more than entertainment and expression of the director’s vision. He argues the idea of presenting a teacher who doesn’t have any teaching experience as a hero in these films. Moreover, he doesn’t agree with the statement which declares that students in urban schools have no potential. All they need is a right type of person who would apply the right methods. I found this article very interesting. I think it will be helpful for me to see the differences of bullying in different kinds of schools. By looking deeply to the topic, I will probably get different conclusions. However, making this type of comparision and thinking critically about them promote a better research. In short, this article helped me to consider bullying with different categories.